An Amsterdam-based architecture firm has ambitions to take 3D printing to the next level, by building the world's first 3D-printed house as early as 2014. The team at Universe Architecture, led by Janjaap Ruijssenaars, hope to use a D-Shape 3D printer to form a Möbius strip-shaped structure and create a home that is "endless" in its design, where occupants can walk continuously through the building.
For the project, Universe Architecture is working with mathematician and artist Rinus Roelofs, to design what is being called the “Landscape House.” The building will be part of the biennial Europan competition, which seeks to highlight architectural projects created by young designers in 15 countries.
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Designed as a singular structure, the Landscape House will be fabricated in 6 x 9-meter (19.6 x 29.5-foot) portions using the massive D-shape 3D printer and then interlocked into the continuous strip form. Designed by Italian inventor Enrico Dini, the D-Shape will use thin layers of sand and an inorganic binder to build up molds for the frame structure. Each frame section will then be filled with fiberglass and concrete to provide rigidity and strength to the 1,000 sq m (10,764 sq ft) building.
Ruijssenaars estimates the build will cost 4-5 million Euros (US$5.3-6.7m) and hopes the 3D method can be replicated all over the world in structures such as museums, visitor centers and private homes. Having previously won acclaim for his Floating Bed design, he also hopes that the Landscape House will one day be open to the public and demonstrate the project premise of a landscape within a landscape, or “Architecture of continuity with an endless array of applicability.”
The project is reminiscent of the WikiHouse construction system, in which building component templates can be downloaded and then "printed" using a CNC milling machine.
The video below from Universe Architecture explains the essence of the Landscape House.