By Joanna Tovia
Irene Coveney and Niall Browne met while studying architecture in Dublin, Ireland and later moved to Australia with a shared dream – to design and build their own home in the country where they could keep horses and raise a family. That dream came true when they moved into their home near Perth, which they designed with the shearing sheds and old farm buildings of Australia's rural past in mind.
"We love the functional honesty of the Australian rural vernacular," says Coveney. "Our intent was to create an energy-efficient, solar-passive house that would be beautiful, functional, affordable and above all else a family home."
Houzz at a Glance:
- Who lives here: Building designers Irene Coveney and Niall Browne, with son Oisίn, 14, daughter, Aoife, 12, Dinah the family dog, pony Brego, pet sheep Sean and Barbara, and chickens Lizzy, Jane, Mary, Kitty and Lidia.
- Location: Stoneville, Perth Hills, WA
Size: 200 square metres; 4 bedrooms, 2 bathrooms
- Designer: Coveney Browne
Awards: Building Designers Association of WA 2017 award for Best Residential Design up to $500,000; finalist: Best Residential Sustainable Design
"Finding the right land was probably the biggest challenge we faced," says Coveney. "Once we had found the right property, everything else came together quickly as we both knew what we wanted and how to achieve it."
The five-acre site was part of a new subdivision of farmland in the Perth Hills. "We had been looking for the perfect block of land for some time," says Coveney, explaining that they wanted a north-facing block located within easy commuting distance of the city with enough cleared land to provide protection from bushfires and grazing for horses. They also wanted to be handy to local shops and trails for riding/cycling. "We put an offer on the land the same day it came on the market," she says.
The land met all their requirements – it's even located opposite the Heritage Trail, a 41-kilometer bridle path for walking, riding and cycling.
The house draws inspiration from the character and simplicity of traditional Australian farm buildings. Traditional lightweight sheet materials are offset against the richness of timber framing and elements of rustic brickwork. "The house combines functional honesty with contemporary design," says Coveney.
Prior to building this house the family lived in a 1920s weatherboard cottage in the suburb of Mundaring, 34 kilometres east of Perth and just 10 minutes from the site. "We put our house up for sale two months into construction and it sold the same day," says Coveney.
"We had a great builder who worked with us through the process to ensure everything ran on time and on budget – building with frame and lightweight materials allowed for a short construction period of just four months so we managed to avoid renting."
The house is oriented along an east-west axis and was designed with passive-solar principles firmly in mind. Wide canopy eaves shade the external walls in summer, but allow the winter sun to penetrate all the main rooms through large north-facing windows. The concrete slab and brick feature walls provide thermal mass to stabilize internal temperatures throughout the year.
"A solar hot-water system has been installed and we intend to install solar photovoltaic panels in the future," says Coveney. "We also installed a master switch to shut off all stand-by power at night – appliances left on standby can use up to 30 per cent full power."
The long roof extends out over the car port on the western side of the house to provide additional shading from the hot afternoon sun in summer. Thoughtful door and window placement – opposite each other on either side of the house – enhances cross ventilation by day and passive cooling at night.
"We typically experience cool summer nights in the Perth Hills, allowing the house to be purged of warm air at night," says Coveney. "The modest, considered use of brick and heavily insulated frame also contribute to ensuring we do not experience the typical Perth buildup of heat as the summer progresses."
Traditional WA houses built prior to the 1950s – and homes built during the post-war project housing boom – typically had high ceilings, which were vented into the roof space. Low-level wall or floor vents also allowed cool air from the floor space below to move up through the house. As the cooler air warmed, says Coveney, it would rise and escape through the roof space, effectively acting as a natural air-conditioning system.
"The high ceilings ensured that the warm air could move quickly to the upper part of the room, keeping the living spaces cool," she says. Where space allowed, wide verandahs were added to further protect the home from the harsh WA sun.
"We employed similar techniques in our own home, with high ceilings throughout fitted with adjustable ceiling vents that can be closed in winter and opened in summer," says Coveney. "A central raised ridge vent runs for half the length of the house and uses prevailing breezes to create a strong chimney effect, drawing hot air out in summer."
This, combined with high levels of insulation, low-E glazing, LED lighting and ceiling fans, means artificial heating and cooling are rarely required.
Stormwater runs into a 50,000-liter rain tank connected to all plumbing fixtures (with the exception of the kitchen sink), garden taps, reticulation and horse troughs. "By using rainwater in this way we estimate that we save over 100,000 litres a year," says Coveney. "If water levels get low towards the end of summer we can switch to mains water and keep a reserve for fire fighting."
The house was also plumbed to allow for connection to a grey-water recycling system. The gardens are low maintenance and waterwise, and the pond has created a wildlife habitat for native frogs, bandicoots and an abundance of birdlife. "The pond has been located to help cool prevailing breezes before they reach the house," says Coveney.
Asked what she and her husband are most proud of about the house, Coveney says: "We love the overall aesthetic of the house and are proud of what we have managed to achieve with a relatively modest budget. We are also very pleased with how well the building performs in a challenging climate such as ours.
"With WA's climate becoming increasingly harsh there needs to be a change in mindset about how to design and build our homes. We need smarter, location-sensitive housing designed to be ecologically, economically and socially sustainable."
As well as reflecting its rural setting, the owners wanted a strong visual and physical connection between indoors and out. The covered outdoor deck is the heart of the house. "We live an outdoor lifestyle and the house reflects and facilitates this," says Coveney. "The living space opens out onto the elevated deck, which looks across the property and the reserve to the north."
The homeowners and their two children spend much of their time in the open-plan family area, whether cooking, dining, working in the office, or curled up on the sofas watching movies together.
Elsewhere the walls are finished in painted plasterboard. Paint colors were chosen to bring the colours from the bush outside into the house. A home office/design studio adjoins the kitchen/dining area.
"We love the quality of natural light the glazed walls provide and how the interior living spaces extend visually to the exterior living spaces, the garden and views over the valley beyond," says Coveney.
The main living area has energy-efficient LED downlights with dimmer switches, and high ceilings enhance the feeling of space. The family's furniture is an eclectic mix acquired over the years from sources ranging from Freedom Furniture and Lifestyle Furniture to Country Road and "good old Ikea".
A large window offers leafy views from the main bedroom. "After much deliberation we decided the best floor finish would be loose-lay vinyl planks through the main house with tiling to wet areas," says Coveney. "The vinyl planks add warmth and comfort, but are low-maintenance, very affordable and highly durable, which suits our rural lifestyle."
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