Architecture

Design chosen for Washington's 11th Street Bridge Park

OMA and OLIN's design for the 11th Street Bridge Park in Washington has been selected as the competition winner
OMA and OLIN's design for the 11th Street Bridge Park in Washington has been selected as the competition winner
View 24 Images
OMA and OLIN's design for the 11th Street Bridge Park in Washington has been selected as the competition winner
1/24
OMA and OLIN's design for the 11th Street Bridge Park in Washington has been selected as the competition winner
The Navy Yard view of the 11th Street Bridge Park
2/24
The Navy Yard view of the 11th Street Bridge Park
A section view of the 11th Street Bridge Park
3/24
A section view of the 11th Street Bridge Park
A section diagram of the 11th Street Bridge Park
4/24
A section diagram of the 11th Street Bridge Park
A plan diagram of the 11th Street Bridge Park
5/24
A plan diagram of the 11th Street Bridge Park
A size comparison diagram of the 11th Street Bridge Park
6/24
A size comparison diagram of the 11th Street Bridge Park
A winter view of the 11th Street Bridge Park
7/24
A winter view of the 11th Street Bridge Park
An angles and clearance diagram of the 11th Street Bridge Park
8/24
An angles and clearance diagram of the 11th Street Bridge Park
An intersection diagram of the 11th Street Bridge Park
9/24
An intersection diagram of the 11th Street Bridge Park
A program diagram of the 11th Street Bridge Park
10/24
A program diagram of the 11th Street Bridge Park
A form diagram of the 11th Street Bridge Park
11/24
A form diagram of the 11th Street Bridge Park
A program diagram of the 11th Street Bridge Park
12/24
A program diagram of the 11th Street Bridge Park
A view of the 11th Street Bridge Park Good Hope Road entrance
13/24
A view of the 11th Street Bridge Park Good Hope Road entrance
A view of a boardwalk close to the 11th Street Bridge Park
14/24
A view of a boardwalk close to the 11th Street Bridge Park
A view of the 11th Street Bridge Park "21st century play space"
15/24
A view of the 11th Street Bridge Park "21st century play space"
A view of the 11th Street Bridge Park environmental education center
16/24
A view of the 11th Street Bridge Park environmental education center
A view of the 11th Street Bridge Park waterfalls
17/24
A view of the 11th Street Bridge Park waterfalls
A view of an 11th Street Bridge Park cafe
18/24
A view of an 11th Street Bridge Park cafe
A view of the 11th Street Bridge Park amphitheater
19/24
A view of the 11th Street Bridge Park amphitheater
A structure diagram of the 11th Street Bridge Park
20/24
A structure diagram of the 11th Street Bridge Park
The Anacostia Park view of the 11th Street Bridge Park
21/24
The Anacostia Park view of the 11th Street Bridge Park
A view of an 11th Street Bridge Park cafe
22/24
A view of an 11th Street Bridge Park cafe
An evening view of the 11th Street Bridge Park
23/24
An evening view of the 11th Street Bridge Park
A view of the 11th Street Bridge Park amphitheater
24/24
A view of the 11th Street Bridge Park amphitheater

Washington's 11th Street Bridge Park will be "a place of exchange" with programmed outdoor spaces and active zones. The design, by OMA and OLIN, was chosen after a seven-month competition to design the new civic space. It was chosen unanimously by the competition jury and topped the public poll.

The existing 11th Street Bridges, which cross the Anacostia River between the Washington Navy Yard on one side and Anacostia Park on the other, are in the process of being replaced and will become defunct. Instead of demolishing them all, the decision was made to repurpose the downstream bridge as a public space in much the same way as has been done with the New York Central Railroad to create the High Line.

Designs by the four teams selected for the competition were unveiled last month. OMA and OLIN faced competition from a Balmori Associates and Cooper, Robertson & Partners team, a Stoss Landscape Urbanism and Höweler and Yoon Architecture team, and a Wallace Roberts & Todd and NEXT Architects team. A list of design principles and required facilities was drawn up via engagement with the community, and was used to help evaluate the competition submissions.

The Navy Yard view of the 11th Street Bridge Park
The Navy Yard view of the 11th Street Bridge Park

The aims of the bridge are to promote health in the community by providing a safe place for residents to exercise and play, connect the community with the Anacostia River, reconnect the neighborhoods of Anacostia and Capitol Hill, and generate new jobs and economic activity.

OMA and OLIN's design features two slopes that rise towards and intersect at the center of the river, creating a recognizable "X" shape. The elevated spaces at the top of these slopes provide viewing points for the public. The end of each slope has a waterfall that cascades down through the lower level of the bridge to the river below. The waterfalls incorporate a filtration system that cleans the water before returning it to the river.

A view of a boardwalk close to the 11th Street Bridge Park
A view of a boardwalk close to the 11th Street Bridge Park

"Our design creates a literal intersection and a dynamic, multi-layered amenity for both sides of the river," says OMA partner-in-charge Jason Long. "It simultaneously functions as a gateway to both sides of the river, a lookout point with expansive views, a canopy that can shelter programs and a public plaza where the two paths meet. The resulting form of the bridge creates an iconic encounter, an 'X' instantly recognizable within the capital’s tradition of civic spaces."

Space on the bridge is split into four categories of usage, for people to relax, gather, learn and play. Spaces for relaxation include rain gardens, a picnic garden, a hammock grove and open lawns, whilst cafes, a plaza and amphitheater provide places for people to gather. Learning spaces are provided for environmental education, urban agriculture and interactive art, while spaces for play include a boat launch area and a "21st century play" area.

Construction of the 11th Street Bridge Park is expected to be complete by 2018.

Sources: 11th Street Bridge Park, OMA, OLIN

2 comments
Jeffrey A. Edwards
This project has been shelved after a $175 million study for replacing the I-5 Columbia River Crossing. There were plans for a, ‘Green "Golden Gate" Bridge to Connect Portland OR and Vancouver WA’ http://inhabitat.com/green-roofed-bridge-for-portland-and-vancouver/ Good luck with having this approved . . .
aharbell
Are there provisions for parking near all these parks and playfields?