Architecture

Passively-cooled Portuguese home doesn't break the bank

Passively-cooled Portuguese ho...
The Miramar House, by E348 Arquitectura (Photo: José Campos)
The Miramar House, by E348 Arquitectura (Photo: José Campos)
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The Miramar House, by E348 Arquitectura (Photo: José Campos)
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The Miramar House, by E348 Arquitectura (Photo: José Campos)
The Miramar House features large shutters which passively cool the interior areas (Photo: José Campos)
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The Miramar House features large shutters which passively cool the interior areas (Photo: José Campos)
The shutters also reveal balcony spaces (Photo: José Campos)
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The shutters also reveal balcony spaces (Photo: José Campos)
Miramar House requires no costly air-conditioning to keep cool (Photo: José Campos)
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Miramar House requires no costly air-conditioning to keep cool (Photo: José Campos)
Portuguese architects E348 Arquitectura utilized local building methods and low-tech, affordable design during construction of the home (Photo: José Campos)
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Portuguese architects E348 Arquitectura utilized local building methods and low-tech, affordable design during construction of the home (Photo: José Campos)
Miramar House takes its name from a popular seaside village and beach nearby (Photo: José Campos)
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Miramar House takes its name from a popular seaside village and beach nearby (Photo: José Campos)
The home features two main floors, an attic space and a garage (Photo: José Campos)
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The home features two main floors, an attic space and a garage (Photo: José Campos)
Miramar House was completed in 2013 (Photo: José Campos)
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Miramar House was completed in 2013 (Photo: José Campos)
The home was designed for a young family with twins (Photo: José Campos)
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The home was designed for a young family with twins (Photo: José Campos)
Miramar House comprises a total floorspace of 275 sq m (2,960 sq ft) (Photo: José Campos)
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Miramar House comprises a total floorspace of 275 sq m (2,960 sq ft) (Photo: José Campos)
The house was designed by Portuguese architectural firm E348 Arquitectura (Photo: José Campos)
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The house was designed by Portuguese architectural firm E348 Arquitectura (Photo: José Campos)
Miramar House contains two main floors, an attic space and a garage (Photo: José Campos)
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Miramar House contains two main floors, an attic space and a garage (Photo: José Campos)
Miramar House requires no costly air-conditioning to keep cool (Photo: José Campos)
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Miramar House requires no costly air-conditioning to keep cool (Photo: José Campos)
A part-perforated wall enables the breeze to permeate the interior downstairs (Photo: José Campos)
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A part-perforated wall enables the breeze to permeate the interior downstairs (Photo: José Campos)
The home sports simple finishes which suit the local climate (Photo: José Campos)
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The home sports simple finishes which suit the local climate (Photo: José Campos)
View from within the balcony area when the shutters are closed (Photo: José Campos)
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View from within the balcony area when the shutters are closed (Photo: José Campos)
The upstairs area contains three large bedrooms (Photo: José Campos)
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The upstairs area contains three large bedrooms (Photo: José Campos)
The Miramar House, by E348 Arquitectura (Photo: José Campos)
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The Miramar House, by E348 Arquitectura (Photo: José Campos)
Portuguese architects E348 Arquitectura utilized local building methods and low-tech, affordable design during construction of the home (Photo: José Campos)
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Portuguese architects E348 Arquitectura utilized local building methods and low-tech, affordable design during construction of the home (Photo: José Campos)
Miramar House sports simple finishes which suit the local climate (Photo: José Campos)
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Miramar House sports simple finishes which suit the local climate (Photo: José Campos)
Downstairs, a part-perforated wall enables the breeze to permeate the interior when the covering window is opened (Photo: José Campos)
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Downstairs, a part-perforated wall enables the breeze to permeate the interior when the covering window is opened (Photo: José Campos)
Miramar House has a total floorspace of 275 sq m (2,960 sq ft) (Photo: José Campos)
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Miramar House has a total floorspace of 275 sq m (2,960 sq ft) (Photo: José Campos)
A green roof is used as a rooftop garden (Photo: José Campos)
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A green roof is used as a rooftop garden (Photo: José Campos)
The top floor contains a penthouse attic space (Photo: José Campos)
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The top floor contains a penthouse attic space (Photo: José Campos)
Miramar House contains two main floors, an attic space and a garage (Photo: José Campos)
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Miramar House contains two main floors, an attic space and a garage (Photo: José Campos)
Miramar House requires no costly air-conditioning to keep cool (Photo: José Campos)
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Miramar House requires no costly air-conditioning to keep cool (Photo: José Campos)
The home sports simple finishes which suit the local climate (Photo: José Campos)
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The home sports simple finishes which suit the local climate (Photo: José Campos)
Architectural plan of the Miramar House (Image: E348 Arquitectura)
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Architectural plan of the Miramar House (Image: E348 Arquitectura)
Side view plan of the Miramar House (Image: E348 Arquitectura)
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Side view plan of the Miramar House (Image: E348 Arquitectura)
Plot plan of the Miramar House (Image: E348 Arquitectura)
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Plot plan of the Miramar House (Image: E348 Arquitectura)
Architectural plan of the Miramar House (Image: E348 Arquitectura)
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Architectural plan of the Miramar House (Image: E348 Arquitectura)
Architectural plan of the Miramar House (Image: E348 Arquitectura)
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Architectural plan of the Miramar House (Image: E348 Arquitectura)
Architectural plan of the Miramar House (Image: E348 Arquitectura)
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Architectural plan of the Miramar House (Image: E348 Arquitectura)
Side view plan of the Miramar House (Image: E348 Arquitectura)
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Side view plan of the Miramar House (Image: E348 Arquitectura)
Architectural plan of the Miramar House (Image: E348 Arquitectura)
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Architectural plan of the Miramar House (Image: E348 Arquitectura)
View gallery - 35 images

When building a new home that features a degree of sustainable design, the sky's the limit – providing that the budget is unconstrained too. Things get tricky when there's less money to throw around, but E348 Arquitectura displayed imagination while constructing the passively-cooled Portugal-based Miramar House using local building methods and inexpensive materials.

Completed in 2013, Miramar House sports a total floorspace of 275 sq m (2,960 sq ft), which is spread over two main floors, an attic space and a garage. The home takes its name from a popular seaside village near to its location in Vila Nova de Gaia, and features simple clean interior finishes which suit the local climate and architectural style of the region.

During a chat with Gizmag, E348 Arquitectura confirmed that while sustainability is a key concern for the company, so is the need to integrate environmental technology and design in a cost-effective manner when working with local materials and labor.

Therefore, the firm used inexpensive materials such as cement brick, steel beams, and pine wood during the build, while structural panels provide insulation. The ground floor features locally quarried stone, and all the ceramic tiles were sourced from Portugal's traditional ceramic industry sector in the district of Aveiro.

Downstairs, a part-perforated wall enables the breeze to permeate the interior when the covering window is opened (Photo: José Campos)
Downstairs, a part-perforated wall enables the breeze to permeate the interior when the covering window is opened (Photo: José Campos)

Like the Wind Vault House, Miramar House requires no costly air-conditioning to keep cool. Several large hand-operated wooden shutters make up most of the facade on the upper floor, and when opened (along with the windows which lie behind), they allow the prevailing breeze to permeate the interior and keep the temperature at a more comfortable level in warm weather. There are also perforated wall sections at various points in the house which add natural ventilation when covering windows are opened.

The roof of Miramar House features a large solar hot water array which provides hot water on demand and also fuels underfloor heating. A green roof serves as rooftop garden and adds an extra level of insulation to the master bedroom too.

E348 Arquitectura told us that the total cost of the build came in at under €1,500 per square meter.

Source: E348 Arquitectura

View gallery - 35 images
5 comments
BigGoofyGuy
I think that is not only a cool design but also affordable. It is neat in that it does more with less to achieve more.
The Skud
Still not dirt cheap, but a good effort. I wonder how the cooling copes with a hot, windless day? Perhaps add a couple of those solar-powered spinning cupola things on the roof to assist airflow?
Viriato
Your title to this story is really off the mark, perhaps the budget for this project would be acceptable in another market location, say London or NYC, but for the Portuguese marketplace, this project/home cost at 400,000 euros is NOT cheap.
Well perhaps you believe expats relocating to Portugal would find this an intriguing project attractive cost-wise, however I think even they would think twice.
Don Duncan
$412,000 is not cheap, especially for "manually operated shutters". If out, you come home and find a hot house. I like the radiant floor heating and garden roof. I would put chickens there also. I've seen it done in 1985 in a rammed earth home in Wilseyville, CA.
WagTheDog
I calculate the cost at $600,000 ... not cheap in my book. But it sure does look nice. Would have been better, though, to have seen it furnished.