Switzerland's Earth Houses resemble real-life Hobbit Holes
In The Lord Of The Rings, the Hobbits live in the Shire in their distinctive dwellings known as Hobbit Holes. They're really just homes built into hillsides, with banked earth sitting atop the basic structures. While the Hobbits are fictional creatures, their homes are not, as people have been taking up residence in similar dwellings for many years. And the idea has now taken a firm hold with those interested in working with, rather than against the environment. In other words Hobbit Holes are real and, on this occasion at least, the Shire can be found in Switzerland.
The Swiss version of the Shire is the Earth House Estate Lättenstrasse located in Dietikon, Switzerland, which is where all of the exterior images in the article gallery are from. The company responsible for the Earth Houses, Vetsch Architektur, has built dozens more similar homes across the country, which is where the interior images are sourced from.
The Earth Houses are so called because they're designed to reside within their environment, blending into the natural contours of the land rather than merely set down on top of it. They're also covered with clumps of earth, which makes a lot of sense in terms of insulation, though such a design will clearly not fit in with everybody's aesthetic sensibilities.
The houses surrounding the Lättenstrasse estate are conventional, single-family dwellings, meaning this complex of underground houses certainly stands out. At least to those who know of its existence. Because of the way the houses are built into the land, no one would spot the estate who wasn't actively looking for it.
The plot of land the Earth Houses are built on covers 4,000 square meters (43,055 sq ft), with each individual house covering between 60 meters squared (646 sq ft) and 200 meters squared (2,153 sq ft). There are three houses consisting of three rooms, one house of four rooms, one of five rooms, three of six rooms, and one of seven rooms.
The houses all surround a U-shaped hill with a pond and wetland forming the courtyard. The sleeping area is set in the north of the building, with the living area to the south. The bathrooms are located in the basement, with skylights allowing natural light to seep down to the lowest levels of the house.
The basement and garage are constructed by conventional means, while the ground floor of the house is constructed using shotcrete. Insulation is provided by a layer of recycled foamed glass, while a root-resistant polymer bitumen attached to the shotcrete makes the whole thing waterproof.
We have seen similar efforts before here on Gizmag, with former soccer player Gary Neville's underground house in Bolton and Simon Dale's Welsh Hobbit Hole house both gaining attention. But this is the first estate of Hobbit-style dwellings featured. And it's made me want to live underground.
Source: Vetsch Architektur via Design You Trust
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However, by building into the hillside, many environmental problems can be minimised. Also, it could be a fantastic way to prevent landslides.
IMO this is better for certain climates.
can't imagine why they thought a wet courtyard was a good idea.
You're mistaken. Earth-sheltered houses have existed in the United States since at least the 1970s, when the Arab oil embargo and the energy crisis made them attractive, although interest in them dried up after the 1980s. There's nothing new or structurally unproven about them. It's just that they've never really caught on because most Americans like to live above ground with lots of window views. Check out old issues of Popular Science from that era and you'll find lots of articles and even cover stories about earth-sheltered homes and underground homes.
That is not to say that 'all' wet or damp sites locations are financially practical for below grade construction. Think about the foundations of the World Trade Center. If the architects and engineers can handle the infiltration caused by the water pressure from the nearby New York River - one of the wettest lots on the face of the Earth, then your pessimism could use a rethink.
I was house-hunting in the aftermath of Hurricane Irene here in Pennsylvania, and every single house I looked at had evidence of water problems in the basement. If your entire house is effectively a basement, you could be driven out of your house by flooding at the worst possible time. Sumps and the like can mitigate water problems during normal conditions, but tend to fail in actual emergencies, especially when the power goes out.
I would also worry about termites. And then there's the issue of having to mow the roof! :)
The water feature wouldn't be allowed unless you fenced it, to prevent drowning the kiddies.
Or,when considering the areas like the Ninth Ward that largely remain in ruins,why not dig them out, flood them and make them more like Venice,Italy?
If you want to read a case history of disaster, read up on Louisiana's Levee system.
How is it that the Federal Government tells everybody what to do and how to do it... yet they pursue such horribly wasteful, extravagant and illogical means & methods of going about their projects?
"You can't do that- it's not approved." By who? The Army Corps of Engineers?
They wrought more "wetlands" destruction than everybody else put together! Never trust an "expert" with no practical experience!