One of the clearest Alzheimer's risk factors is the gene apoE4. New research has peered closer at the protein encoded by this gene and uncovered how it affects the brain, how it increases the risks of Alzheimer’s and most importantly, how the damage can be reversed.
Researchers have studied the protein BRCA1, using a combination of tests on laboratory mice and human brain tissue to determine that the protein is central to learning and retaining memories. It's study is important in understanding the cognitive decline associated with Alzheimer's.
Scientists at Gladstone Institutes in San Francisco have provided hope for a more permanent treatment for diabetes by developing a technique to reprogram skin cells into insulin-producing beta cells.