Urban Transport

Kick scooter converted into awesome all-terrain electric scooter

The Katz electric scooter is ready to roll
The Katz electric scooter is ready to roll
View 40 Images
The original Royce Union Transit scooter before the conversion
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The original Royce Union Transit scooter before the conversion
The top of the Royce Union Transit scooter, the deck would later have a wider polycarbonate/carbon fiber platform bolted on top
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The top of the Royce Union Transit scooter, the deck would later have a wider polycarbonate/carbon fiber platform bolted on top
The rear shocks of the Royce Union Transit scooter
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The rear shocks of the Royce Union Transit scooter
The front suspension is hidden within the steering column
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The front suspension is hidden within the steering column
Big wheels with chunky tires are vital for any off-road vehicle
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Big wheels with chunky tires are vital for any off-road vehicle
Clearly, some adjustment will be needed
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Clearly, some adjustment will be needed
Comparing the size of the rear shock from the Royce Union Transit scooter with those to be used for the build
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Comparing the size of the rear shock from the Royce Union Transit scooter with those to be used for the build
The aluminum rear swing arms and ex-mountain bike shocks
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The aluminum rear swing arms and ex-mountain bike shocks
The swing arm and shocks ready for the 12.5-inch rear wheel
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The swing arm and shocks ready for the 12.5-inch rear wheel
Starting to take shape, but still a long way to go
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Starting to take shape, but still a long way to go
The front fork came from an old mountain bike
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The front fork came from an old mountain bike
Building the front suspension - springs, damper, some steel tube and solid rod, and U aluminum
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Building the front suspension - springs, damper, some steel tube and solid rod, and U aluminum
The custom-created shocks were fitted to form a leading link suspension arm
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The custom-created shocks were fitted to form a leading link suspension arm
Side view of the front shocks
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Side view of the front shocks
Taking the Katz scooter for a motor-free test run - looks a bit awkward to push
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Taking the Katz scooter for a motor-free test run - looks a bit awkward to push
The motorless test run revealed some handling problems, so Katz rebuilt the front fork, which slightly raised the angle of the deck but improved performance
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The motorless test run revealed some handling problems, so Katz rebuilt the front fork, which slightly raised the angle of the deck but improved performance
Three CIM motors from dismantled robotics projects were hooked up to a reworked gearbox
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Three CIM motors from dismantled robotics projects were hooked up to a reworked gearbox
The three-motor one-stage gearbox is encased in aluminum housing before being mounted underneath the scooter's platform
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The three-motor one-stage gearbox is encased in aluminum housing before being mounted underneath the scooter's platform
The electric motor setup in place underneath the scooter's deck
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The electric motor setup in place underneath the scooter's deck
An idler and a chain tensioner were fitted to help compensate for slight alignment issues
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An idler and a chain tensioner were fitted to help compensate for slight alignment issues
A wider polycarbonate deck is later bonded with carbon fiber, which makes for a more comfortable ride
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A wider polycarbonate deck is later bonded with carbon fiber, which makes for a more comfortable ride
The carbon fiber sheet, cut to shape and ready for bonding the new polycarbonate rider platform
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The carbon fiber sheet, cut to shape and ready for bonding the new polycarbonate rider platform
The Katz scooter has a brake lever at the back of the platform that activates caliper grips positioned on either side of the rear sprocket to make a rather novel disc brake
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The Katz scooter has a brake lever at the back of the platform that activates caliper grips positioned on either side of the rear sprocket to make a rather novel disc brake
Close up of the scooter's brake lever positioned between the two rear shocks
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Close up of the scooter's brake lever positioned between the two rear shocks
Pressure on the brake lever
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Pressure on the brake lever
A Kelly KDS72200E controller placed next to a DVD for size comparison
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A Kelly KDS72200E controller placed next to a DVD for size comparison
The controller mounted with the motor unit to save space
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The controller mounted with the motor unit to save space
The Katz scooter is ready for its battery pack
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The Katz scooter is ready for its battery pack
The eight Turnigy 5000 mAh 4s Li-Pol battery packs that will power the motor
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The eight Turnigy 5000 mAh 4s Li-Pol battery packs that will power the motor
The batteries were placed into an aluminum case fronted by a removable polycarbonate cover, in a 16S2P configuration
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The batteries were placed into an aluminum case fronted by a removable polycarbonate cover, in a 16S2P configuration
The new handlebars came from a mountain bike and were fitted with a hall effect twist grip throttle
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The new handlebars came from a mountain bike and were fitted with a hall effect twist grip throttle
The Katz electric scooter is ready to roll
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The Katz electric scooter is ready to roll
Katz says that the batteries and motor are not quite as vulnerable as they may first appear
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Katz says that the batteries and motor are not quite as vulnerable as they may first appear
A chain guard has been added to prevent the chain coming off when used off-road
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A chain guard has been added to prevent the chain coming off when used off-road
The scooter has a top speed of 25 mph and a range of at least 8 miles
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The scooter has a top speed of 25 mph and a range of at least 8 miles
The Katz all-terrain electric scooter
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The Katz all-terrain electric scooter
The scooter has so far been tested on grass, rough dirt or mulch trails and roads
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The scooter has so far been tested on grass, rough dirt or mulch trails and roads
The scooter's Hella master power switch
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The scooter's Hella master power switch
Katz says that a full recharge will take about 12 hours, not because of the batteries but because of the 50 watt charger
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Katz says that a full recharge will take about 12 hours, not because of the batteries but because of the 50 watt charger
Katz put the charger, along with the 12V power supply from a 2006 iMac desktop, into the shell of an old ATX power supply for portability and convenience
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Katz put the charger, along with the 12V power supply from a 2006 iMac desktop, into the shell of an old ATX power supply for portability and convenience

Ben Katz has spent the last few months ripping apart and reassembling an old kick scooter to build what he describes as an all-terrain electric scooter. He's mixed in bits and pieces from robotics projects and mountain bikes, supersized the wheels, created custom shocks, built a novel disc brake, and added lots of aluminum to make a pretty sweet ride. He still has a few finishing touches to add but it's ready to roll, as you can see in the video after the jump.

A student of Atlanta's Paideia School and member of its robotics team, Katz was inspired to hit the workshop and remodel his scooter after getting up close to numerous electric vehicle builds from MIT research affiliate Charles Guan at last year's Atlanta Mini Maker Faire. As luck would have it, he'd already managed to gather many of the necessary components for the modification when some old robotics projects got dismantled.

Clearly, some adjustment will be needed
Clearly, some adjustment will be needed

Construction began with the tearing apart of his well-used Royce Union Transit, which he says is a slightly better scooter than the ubiquitous Razor. To the basic frame, Katz added 12.5-inch (317.5 mm) wheels with knobby pneumatic tires, the rear also being fitted with a 60t sprocket salvaged from school, but before that could happen he needed to make new front and rear suspension assemblies.

The front fork came from an old mountain bike, to which custom-created shocks were fitted to form a leading link suspension arm. The rear also got some mountain bike action in the shape of two shock absorbers with 1500 lb/in springs. A motorless test run revealed some handling problems so Katz rebuilt the front fork, which slightly raised the angle of the deck but improved performance.

Next up, three CIM motors from dismantled robotics projects were hooked up to a reworked gearbox and encased in an aluminum housing before being mounted underneath the scooter's platform.

The electric motor setup in place underneath the scooter's deck
The electric motor setup in place underneath the scooter's deck

"The motor controller I am using (a Kelly KDS72200E controller rated for 120A continuous and 200A peak at up to 72V) is sealed within an aluminum enclosure, so it is safe from water and debris," Katz explained. "There are some exposed contacts, but they are between the deck and the battery case, so they are somewhat shielded. All that said, I would definitely not ride the scooter in the rain or through seriously wet conditions without at least adding fenders to prevent water from being slung into the scooter by the wheels."

Braking on kick scooters generally involves pushing a lever down onto the rear wheel and the Katz scooter also has a brake lever at the back of the platform, but it activates caliper grips positioned on either side of the rear sprocket to make a rather novel disc brake. The faithful mountain bike was again the donor for new handlebars, fitted with a hall effect twist grip throttle. Katz then bolted on a new custom deck made from carbon fiber bonded to a later of polycarbonate, and added a Hella master power switch.

Katz says that the batteries and motor are not quite as vulnerable as they may first appear
Katz says that the batteries and motor are not quite as vulnerable as they may first appear

In front of the motor and controller, underneath the deck, Katz mounted eight Turnigy 5000 mAh 4s Li-Pol battery packs in a 16S2P configuration (59.2V, 10 Ah) into an aluminum case fronted by a removable polycarbonate cover. While this may appear to leave them prone to off-road damage, Katz told us that's not necessarily true.

"The batteries are less exposed than they appear to be," he said. "I am using 'hardcase' lithium polymer batteries, which are already enclosed in a plastic shell. Additionally, the underside of the battery case is protected by a layer of polycarbonate. I do plan on completely enclosing the battery case later on though."

On the subject of keeping the batteries juiced up, he told us that "charging is very slow, but it is limited by my cheap charger, not the batteries. The scooter has a 600 watt-hour battery pack, and I have only a 50 watt charger, so if I drained the battery completely, it would take around 12 hours to charge. Typically, I don't drain the battery nearly that much, so it takes 3 - 4 hours. However, with a higher quality (and much more expensive) charger, the pack could be fully charged in 2 hours or less."

Although the all-terrain claims might just be a tad ambitious, the Katz mod will certainly manage to conquer many more off-road situations than the old kick scooter it used to be, and it zooms up to a top speed of 25 mph (40 km/h) without requiring any energetic pushing action from the rider.

The scooter has so far been tested on grass, rough dirt or mulch trails and roads
The scooter has so far been tested on grass, rough dirt or mulch trails and roads

"The range will vary drastically based on how aggressively and over what terrain it is ridden," said Katz. "I've been riding it about half on, half off road, and get about 8 miles per charge. On a flat road at a constant speed, it would probably go at least 12, although I have not tested those conditions."

"So far, I have tested the scooter on roads, rough dirt/mulch trails, and grass. As far as handling and traction, it works well on all the terrains I have tested it on. However, I have had some problems with the chain coming off the drive sprocket on large impacts, like when I ride over roots. I am currently adjusting the configuration of the sprockets to fix this problem."

Total build cost is reported to be around US$450, but Katz admits that he "got a significant number of the parts for free, so starting from scratch, the build would have cost at least twice that."

Source: Build-Its Blog

Electric Scooter 1st Test

5 comments
zevulon
goped already exists as do numerous knockoffs. wheels should not be peunmatic. and the deck height must be no more than 4 inches, prefereably 3 from the floor. that would be a start. wheels should probably not be any larger than 8 inches in diameter and 1.5 inches in width.
Daishi
@zevulon, but then it wouldn't be all-terrain and the decent sized electric gopeds are like 2 grand.
The Hoff
Nice build, and a good addition to gizmag. He's not trying to sell it to the masses, just build something cool.
Bryan Boyce
@Diachi, actually goped currently has an all terrain gas scooter (gtr trail ripper) and is working on an electric one. Their current electric scooter, the esr-750 goes for $899, and you can get a bladez electric for $400 (competitor). This scooter looks cool, but zevulon's observations are correct, it's too big and unwieldy to be electric powered and practical.
PeetEngineer
Looks fun! And fast - at some point, brakes might come in handy.
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