Medical

Study shows how Alzheimer's disease destroys brain cell connections early on

Study shows how Alzheimer's di...
It was found that levels of a key protein were lower in the synapses of Alzheimer's sufferers than in those of healthy subjects
It was found that levels of a key protein were lower in the synapses of Alzheimer's sufferers than in those of healthy subjects
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It was found that levels of a key protein were lower in the synapses of Alzheimer's sufferers than in those of healthy subjects
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It was found that levels of a key protein were lower in the synapses of Alzheimer's sufferers than in those of healthy subjects

A research team led by scientists from the University of New South Wales (UNSW) in Australia has studied the mechanism by which connections in the brain are destroyed in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease. The findings represent another angle of attack in the ongoing battle to find a cure for the widespread degenerative condition.

Alzheimer's disease is a widespread problem, with an estimated 5.3 million people suffering from it in United States alone. A huge amount of effort is going into finding effective treatments, and there have been a lot of positive results, with teams developing new drugs that tackle aspects of aging associated with the condition, and even using ultrasound therapy to combat plaque build-ups in the brain. In order to arrive at an actual cure for the condition, gaining a full understanding of the processes it involves is key.

The UNSW-led study attacks the disease from this angle, seeking to better understand how the condition breaks down the structures that connect neurons in the brain, known as synapses. These connections are essential for all brain function, and especially for forming memories. It's known that they're broken down early on by Alzheimer's, but exactly how this occurs was a mystery.

The team focused on a protein known as neural cell adhesion molecule 2, or NCAM2 for short. Studying post-mortem brain tissue from the hippocampus – an area highly affected by the disease – the researchers discovered that NCAM2 levels in synapses were lower in Alzheimer's sufferers than healthy subjects, suggesting that the protein plays a role in the destruction.

Turning to laboratory mice, the researchers were able to observe that the NCAM2 is actually broken down by a different protein called beta-amyloid. That name might well ring a bell with those familiar with the condition, as it's the main component of the plaques that build up in the brain as the disease progresses.

Overall, the study traces back the cause of the synapse loss to the effects of beta-amyloid. It's hoped that this better understanding the process will allow for the future development of more targeted preventative treatments.

The findings of the research were published in the journal Nature Communications.

Source: UNSW

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1 comment
AGO
Another money maker for big pharma. We already know what's causing Alzheimer's. Our toxic high grain high carb low nutrition diet is the cause of Alzheimer's and all other metabolic illness. Read "grain Brain" by Dr David Perlmutter. Drugs are not the answer. Even drug companies don't know how these medicines affect biology except to say that they block/stop/destroy normal metabolic processes. Not good! We all need to stop just accepting what we are told and start looking into this ourselves! Taking carbs out of the diet of a person with Alzheimer's and replacing them with healthy saturated fats and medium chain triglycerides along with healthy cholesterol and nutrient dense vegetables will have an immediate effect. Better yet try butter and MCT oil in coffee (no sugar) and see what happens!