Aircraft

MagniX's 750-hp electric motor turns its first propellor at full bore

MagniX's 750-hp electric motor...
MagniX's magni500 motor is set to play a part in the future of electric aviation
MagniX's magni500 motor is set to play a part in the future of electric aviation
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MagniX has developed an electric aircraft motor that does without standard components like cooling equipment and a speed reduction gearbox, enabling it to travel light
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MagniX has developed an electric aircraft motor that does without standard components like cooling equipment and a speed reduction gearbox, enabling it to travel light
MagniX's magni500 electric aircraft motor
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MagniX's magni500 electric aircraft motor
MagniX's magni500 motor is set to play a part in the future of electric aviation
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MagniX's magni500 motor is set to play a part in the future of electric aviation

Driven by advances in propulsion technology and the lofty ambitions of aircraft builders around the world, electric aviation is becoming an increasingly viable part of our transport future. With a few notable customers already under its belt, MagniX stands to play a real role in these formative stages, and has just given its high-power electric motor its first real working over.

Developing electrical propulsion to the sort of levels that could power electric aircraft is a tricky undertaking. Weight is a key consideration and directly relates to how far an electric aircraft can travel. As such, MagniX has developed a motor that does without standard components like cooling equipment and a speed reduction gearbox, enabling it to travel light.

Instead, its magni500 motor uses a closed-loop liquid cooling system and turns at 1,900 rpm, which CEO Roei Ganzarski says allows for direct drive to the propellor. The motor delivers 750 hp (560 kW) and more than 2,800 Nm (2,065 lb-ft) of torque.

MagniX's magni500 electric aircraft motor
MagniX's magni500 electric aircraft motor

And its work so far has been impressive enough to secure some key clientele. Israeli startup Eviation created quite a buzz at this year’s Paris Air Show with its nine-seat electric aircraft called Alice, which will be powered by three of Magnix's magni250 motors. Cape Air, the largest independent regional airline in the US, has committed to buying an unspecified number of Alice planes.

Additionally, back in March Canada’s Harbour Air, which is North America’s largest seaplane airline and carries around 400,000 passengers per year, pledged to become the world’s first all-electric airline, which will involve retrofitting its existing aircraft with MagniX’s electric engines.

All will be keeping a keen eye on the company’s progress as it edges towards these real world deployments of its magni500 motor. Billed as a significant milestone, the MagniX team has now successfully tested the motor by having it turn an aircraft propellor at full power, while also controlling the propellor pitch. This, the company says, makes the magni500 the world's most powerful electric aircraft motor to have turned a propellor at full power.

The exercise was carried out with the motor built into an Iron Bird test rig, a standard framework for these kinds of tests that allows aircraft builders to install major components to see how everything works in concert. Ganzarski says this represented the entire MagniX system as it would be installed on a proper aircraft.

“This could be a Beaver, Caravan, Otter and others,” he tells New Atlas.”The iron testing allows us to ensure that the propulsion system operates as it should as part of a larger system and can in fact turn, operate, and control that actual propeller that will be on the aircraft.”

This testing is a key step in the company’s progress as it eyes its first test flights, which will involve a retrofitted Harbour Air Beaver seaplane. The company says the timing around this is still “in flux” but the major hurdles have now been cleared.

“In terms of technical challenges, they have all been solved now that we have gone through the Iron Bird testing,” says Ganzarski. “Now it is about integrating everything into the aircraft.”

A video of the Iron Bird testing can be seen below.

The magni500 all-electric motor

Source: Magnix

Update (October 10, 2019): A company spokesperson has since confirmed that test flights of the Harbour Air Beaver seaplane will take place later this year, and clarified that Eviation's Alice electric plane will be powered by three magnix250 motors, not one magnix500 as originally reported.

11 comments
Des M'Dromic
I stupidly imagined it might be quiet
John Ferens
No mention of what will be supplying power? A 560kW generator is not tiny, even if it is a gas turbine, and batteries will only go so long... The article is incomplete without this basic information.
BrianK56
This one has potential.
McDesign
I wonder if prop pitch still needs to be continuously variable, since the power delivery curve of the motor is so flat over rpm - anyone know?
michael_dowling
Des M'Dromic: This shows how much noise comes from the prop itself.
Jinpa
Quiet props probably are a tradeoff for max thrust. The Navy has been designing quiet props for submarines for decades. A Japanese company was barred for some years from contracting with the DOD because it failed to protect such designs. Interior fans in cars are an example of complete disregard for that. Turboprop aircraft generally fly with constant-speed jet engines, around 10k rpm, and they are loud. 2K rpm should be relatively quiet; no dB data in the story. E.g., the C-130 which has been around since the 1950s, on up to the really big cargo jobs and the commercial turbos. They all have variable-pitch props. It is very mature technology. The big question for this aircraft will be battery weight, which is not in the story. Aerial refueling is SOP for military jets. Haven't heard of aerial re-charging yet (other than with solar panels), but supercapacitors could make that a reality.
MD
McDesign: Variable pitch propellers (constant speed) are more to allow optimisation of the thrust at different airspeeds, not because of the motor torque / power curve. - note that a propeller designed to turn at 2000rpm won't provide much thrust at all at 500.. Aircraft need to start at Zero airspeed (with high thrust reaction) and then fly "efficiently" at fairly high speeds (higher power - in high performance aircraft). All the while the propeller needs to be turning at a high speed - tip speed needs to be limited to avoid compressive effects at high subsonic speeds (sometimes transonic around the blade tips, and this is not desirable.) Fixed pitch aircraft are relegated to fairly low top-end airspeed, OR have very poor takeoff and climb performance. The variable pitch prop gives the best of both worlds. High thrust at low speeds, good climb at moderate speeds and efficient cruise at "high" speed. Des M'Dromic: Anyone who has played with large electric RC aircraft will concur that the propeller makes a lot of the noise in flight. - have a look at any number of videos online, Electric flight is NOT silent. (electric-ducted-fans make an absolute racket). The noise a Propeller makes is a trade-off with the allowable diameter of the propeller and the work needed to be done. Large slowly turning propellers with deep (wide) blades waste less energy with noise, but are difficult to package (need a longer ladder to enter and exit aircraft, higher hangers etc), therefore are not widely used in light aircraft unless they need to absorb a lot of power - and then they aren't going to be turning slowly - tip velocity approaching high subsonic speeds.
toni24
The new CO2 Lithium battery will make this a practical solution for an electric general aviation aircraft. Not bad things are looking up
McDesign
MD - thanks for that great explanation. I guess this is the reason for the "it's more efficient to accelerate a lot of a air a little than a little air a lot" idea, coupled with the need for high thrust to take off and climb?
AladdinConnolly
@jinpa For ariel refuelling of electric planes. Battery drones could fly to and attach to the plane. Releasing after completing the energy transfer.